facelift is the most comprehensive approach to treating facial wrinkles
and sagging caused by aging. The best candidates for face-lift surgery
are people who are in their 40's to 70's. During a face-lift, the
surgeon removes loose skin, accesses the tissues beneath the skin and
alters their tightness. Depending on the circumstances, the face-lift
can take anywhere from two to six hours. Bandages over the face are
removed on third day and stitches on seventh day.
neck lift is a set of procedures to enhance the appearance of your
neck. Procedures can include removing loose skin, altering neck muscles
tightness and improving neck contour. Surgery, involves making cuts in
front of and behind your ears. All scars become imperceptible with time.
BlepharoplastyCosmetic eyelid surgery dramatically
improves the appearance of tired, droopy and aged eyes. This is
accomplished by removing excess skin and pockets of fat from the upper
and lower eyelids through incisions made along the natural skin lines of
the eyelids or incisions totally hidden within the lower lid.
Blepharoplasty usually takes less than two hours, depending on the
amount and location of tissue being removed.
RhinoplastyRhinoplasty is surgery to reshape the nose or correct bumps, indentations, or other defects in the nose.
may be done using general or local anaesthesia. The incisions are
usually made inside the nose so that they are not visible after the
surgery. Depending on the desired result, some bone and cartilage may be
removed, or tissue may be added (either from another part of the body
or using a synthetic filler). A splint is placed outside the nose to
support the new shape of the nose as it heals. Nasal packing for a day
may be used inside the nose to provide additional support. It is usually
done as a Daycare procedure but sometimes requires a 1-night stay in
the hospital or surgery center.
augmentation is a cosmetic procedure that can give you fuller, plumper
lips. These days, injectable dermal filler is the most commonly used
method of lip augmentation. Alternatively augmentation with fat offers
long lasting results.
Lip ReductionThick or fat lips
are reduced in size by removing a strip of the red part of the lip along
with underlying tissue from one end to the other. This surgery is done
under local anaesthesia, without any hospital stay and both the lips can
be addressed at the same time.
augmentation is usually done to balance the face by making the chin
bigger compared to the nose. The best candidates are people with
receding chins but who have a normal bite. It may be done either by
inserting an implant or by moving or reshaping bones. Incisions are
places inside mouth or under the chin and are not visible.
who have large chins in comparison to other facial features benefit
from cosmetic chin reduction. The aesthesis of the face requires that
each part is in harmony with the others. Thus a chin that is too large
detracts from the other normal features. This imbalance can have a major
impact on the psychological well being of the patient. Patient can
suffer low self esteem and become withdrawn. Using specialized
instruments, the surgeon reshapes and removes the excess bone to
properly contour the chin. Chin reduction better known as genioplasty
aims to restore the balance and provide a natural aesthetic appearance
Cheek, Jaw And Chin ImplantsFacial
implants are used to enhance certain features of your face, including
your cheeks or your jaw line. A good candidate for a face implant is
someone in good health and who has reasonable expectations.
or ear reshaping is a cosmetic surgery procedure to improve the
appearance o the ear and earlobes. Otoplasty surgery corrects prominent
ears. Most commonly an incision is made on the back of the ear where
it’s is hidden and sutures are used to the bend the ear cartilage to
create a natural looking ear.
Breast Augmentation Breast
augmentation is a way to enhance self-image and boost confidence.
Breast augmentation also known as augmentation mammoplasty is a surgical
procedure to increase breast size. During surgery, implant is placed
behind the natural breast tissue. This makes the breasts larger. The
incisions are made in the natural crease of the breast, in the armpit or
in the underside of the nipple area, which makes them inconspicuous.
The procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia and takes
between one to two hours to complete.
Breast Reduction SurgeryBreast
reduction surgery (reduction mammoplasty) is advised to women who
suffer with neck or back pain, skin infections because of large breast
size. This surgery removes excess of the tissue and skin from the
breasts to reshape and reduce the size of the breasts. It can also make
the area of dark skin surrounding the nipple (areola) smaller.Breast
reduction surgery is done under general anesthesia. The surgery usually
takes 3 to 5 hours. An overnight stay is usually recommended. A
compression garment is advised post surgery to contour the breasts.
Breast Lift (Mastopexy)Sagging
of breasts is a common problem with aging. Breast lift or mastopexy can
raise sagging or drooping breasts, and can elevate the nipple and
areola. The surgery usually takes 3 to 5 hours. An overnight stay is
usually recommended. For smaller reductions, the surgery may be done
under local anesthesia.
Male Breast Reduction (Gynaecomastia) Good
candidates for surgery include those who have firm and elastic skin
that will allow for effective re-shaping of the chest contour. The
surgeon will remove excess fat by making a small incision around the
lower half of the chest area using liposuction. It is a day care
procedure done under local anaesthesia or general anaesthesia and it
normally takes 1- 2 hours to complete. Compression garment is
recommended after surgery
is a minimally invasive surgery that removes stubborn fat deposits
which are not responding to diet and exercise. It is performed either
under general anaesthesia or local anaesthesia with sedation. It is
often treated as a day case. The surgeon will make a small incision in
the area being treated and the fat is sucked out using cannulas.
Likewise abdomen, back, thighs, arms and neck can be addressed.
is also called ‘tummy tuck’ and is recommended if patient has excess
skin in abdomen that doesn't respond to diet or exercise. This surgery
flattens the abdomen by removing extra fat and skin, and tightening
muscles in your abdominal wall. The incision is like a C section and is
usually hidden in garments. This surgery is specially suited for post
weight loss surgery patients or women who have a lax abdomen after
Brachioplasty, or ‘arm
lift’ cosmetic surgery, reshapes the underside of the upper arm from the
armpit to the elbow. The surgery removes extra skin and fat to give a
more toned and balanced appearance. Extra fat is removed with
liposuction and if required, a cut on the inner surface of upper arm
from the armpit to the elbow removes the extra skin.
Medial Thigh Plasty Medial
thigh plasty is aesthetic reshaping of the thigh following removal of
excess medial skin and fat. The new contour should be attractive, the
scars inconspicuous, and complications minor. Medial thigh plasty may be
solely an upper thigh crescent excision adjacent to the labia majora
(scrotum), extended with a wide band excision tapering at the knee for
distal deformity, or something in between. The extent of the operation
depends on the deformity and the patient's expectations and acceptance
of risk. The essential facets to improve thigh contour are excision of
medial thigh skin, lipoplasty, efficient use of prone and supine
operative positions, accurate presurgical marking of a unique excision
design using multiple patient positions.
Lateral Thigh Lift & Buttock Lift
thigh and buttock lifts are ideal for patients who are in relatively
good shape with excess skin and fat in the thigh area. A surgeon will
show you what procedures are available to solve your particular problem.
Wide variations in the design of the incisions to meet clothing or
personal desires are possible. Lateral or anterior thigh lifts can be
performed as separate procedures, if desired. Lifting the entire thigh
and buttock (circumferential lower-body lift) will require much longer
incisions that start in the buttock crease, extend around the groin,
come up over the side of the abdomen and reach over the flank and across
liposuction technique is used to harvest the fat and prepare it for
transfer. The fat is then injected into the desired portion of the body
or the face. The procedure is most commonly performed under local
anesthesia with a light oral sedation.Fat transfer has been utilised for
rejuvenation of the face and augmentation of lips, buttocks, breasts
Ear Lobe Repair
Piercing your ears puts
the earlobes at risk for stretching, tearing and keloid scarring (a
benign growth of scar tissue). Because of their location, the tears are
often split and are very visible. Earlobe repair surgery fixes the split
and enables you to wear earrings again.
(or xanthelasma palpebrarum) is a sharply demarcated yellowish deposit
of cholesterol underneath the skin, usually on or around the eyelids.
Xanthelasmata can be removed surgically and this gives a great relief to
Dimple Creation Surgery
have always being considered to be cute and lucky – however not all of
us were blessed with that natural factor. Dimple creation surgery can
simulate this naturally occurring process. To create a dimple, a small
painless incision is made in the inside of your cheek. There is no
incision or scar on the outside skin. A small absorbent suture is passed
through the inside of the cheek and catches the under surface of the
skin where the dimple is desired. When this suture is tied it causes a
dimpling in the overlying skin. At first there is a dimple present even
without smiling, but after several days, or sometimes a few weeks, the
dimple is only present while smiling or moving the face. The adhesion
between the inner skin and muscle will cause a permanent dimple even
after the suture is absorbed.
have a skin lesion such as a mole, cyst, wart or skin tag and would like
it removed, it is usually a very simple procedure. Most lesions are
removed using a scalpel under local anaesthetic, which means you will be
awake, but the area will be completely numb. Other techniques include
applying chemical treatments or freezing the skin. Sometimes a laser is
used to destroy the lesion while skin tags may be simply snipped off
with surgical scissors.
If you have a
scar that makes you feel uncomfortable or self-conscious you may
consider scar revision. A scar may be caused by burns, injury, surgery,
acne or chickenpox. There are many options available to improve its
appearance. Scar revision is normally performed under local anaesthetic
and takes between 30 minutes and an hour. This means that you will be
awake, but the area will be completely numb.
As with any cosmetic
procedure, it is important that you review your expectations thoroughly
before you decide to proceed. Your specialist will explain the results
you can expect, and will discuss the associated risks and alternatives
to the procedure before going ahead.
can be helpful in the treatment of common skin problems ranging from
acne scars to sun damage and even more severe problems such as melasma
Body piercing, a form
of body modification, is the practice of puncturing and placing a ring
or a piece of jewellery. Ear & nose piercing is a common procedure.
Lips, umbilicus, nipple piercing are also becoming popular.
is popularly known as leocoderma or white patch. It generally happens
due to absence of melanin pigmentation over the skin. White patches on
the skin when stabilized with medical treatment can be treated
surgically by ‘melanocyte transfer’ to restore the pigmentation.
hymenoplasty is a surgical procedure in which a woman's hymen is
reconstructed. You should expect some swelling and discomfort following
the procedure. You will have sutures that do not need not be removed, as
they are dissolvable. Most patients go home same day.
Repeated child births cause dilatation of muscles of vagina leading to widening of vagina.
muscles and supporting tissue layers are meticulously dissected out and
repositioned in their normal position. Vectors of muscles are restored
gaining a good vaginal and perineal tone. Improved voluntary tone and
muscle strength leads to an improved self esteem.
transplant is a surgical technique that moves individual hair Follicles
from a part of the body called the donor site to bald or balding part
of the body known as the ‘recipient site’. It is primarily used to treat
male pattern baldness. In this minimally invasive procedure, grafts
containing hair follicles that are genetically resistant to balding are
transplanted to the bald scalp. It can also be used to restore
eyelashes, eyebrows, beard hair, chest hair, and pubic hair and fill in
scars caused by accident or surgery such as face lifts and previous hair
transplants. Hair transplantation differs from skin grafting in that
grafts contain almost all of the epidermis and dermis surrounding the
hair follicle, and many tiny grafts are transplanted rather than a
single strip of skin.
Cleft Lip & Palate
lip and cleft palate are birth defects. This means they happen while
baby is developing. Normally, the mouth and nose of a baby develop
between the first 6 and 12 weeks of growth inside the mother. In some
babies, parts of the lips and roof of the mouth don’t grow together.
Because the lips and the palate develop separately, it’s possible to
have cleft lip alone, cleft palate alone, or both together.
The most common surgical procedures for a child with a cleft lip and palate anomaly are as follows:
Repair of the cleft lip
Repair of the cleft palate
Revision of the cleft lip
Closure and bone grafting of the alveolar cleft
Closure of palatal fistulae
Cleft lip rhinoplasty and septoplasty
Lip scar revision
LeFort I maxillary osteotomy
addition, orthodontic treatment is very specialised and varies case by
case. The 2 stages of orthodontic treatment of a child with cleft lip
and palate are as follows:
•Early management (since birth until the time of surgical closure of the palate)
•Orthodontics related to alveolar bone graft
•Permanent dentition management
•Cleft-related orthodontics (not related to surgical treatments)
Ear reconstruction is a specialized kind of plastic surgery, which is used to form an ear that looks as normal as possible.
plastic surgeon will use a piece of cartilage (material that holds body
structure together) from your child’s ribcage to form the framework for
the ear. Where possible, the surgeon will use your child’s excising ear
as a model for the new one. The reconstruction process is in two stages
about six to twelve months apart.
reconstruction is the rebuilding of a breast, usually in women. It
involves using autologous tissue or prosthetic material to construct a
natural-looking breast. Often this includes the reformation of a natural
looking areola and nipple. This procedure involves the use of implant
or relocated flaps of the patient’s own tissue.