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Infectious Diseases

African Trypanosomiasis (African Sleeping Sickness)

African trypanosomiasis is a disease carried by the tsetse fly. There are two types of the disease - WestAfrican trypanosomiasis causes a chronic infection lasting years, and East African trypanosomiasiscauses acute illness lasting several weeks.

BSE ("Mad Cow Disease") and nvCJD

Mad Cow Disease actually refers to bovine spongiform encephalopathy, a disease first described in 1996- in cattle, which is related to a disease in humans called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).

Candidiasis (Yeast Infection)

Candidiasis sometimes called moniliasis or a yeast infection is an infection caused by yeast on the skinand/or mucous membranes.

Cat Scratch Disease

Cat scratches and bites can cause cat scratch disease a bacterial infection carried in cat saliva.


A painful irritation of the cervix, cervicitis often lasts several months or longer, sometimes occurringafter childbirth or use of oral contraceptives.

Chickenpox (Varicella)

Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease usually associated with childhood. The disease is caused bythe varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Transmission occurs from person-to-person by direct contact or throughthe air.


Cholera is an acute, infectious disease caused by the consumption of water or food contaminated withthe bacterium Vibrio cholerae.


Conjunctivitis also called as pink eye is an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye.

Creeping Eruption

Creeping eruption is a skin infection caused by hookworms which normally are found on dogs and cats.


Croup is a disease caused by a virus that leads to swelling in the airways and problems breathing.


Cryptosporidiosis is a diarrheal infection caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium.

Dengue Fever

Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes mainly in tropical and subtropical areas ofthe world with the greatest risks occurring in South Central Asia, Caribbean (except Cuba and theCayman Islands) and Central America.


Diphtheria is an acute bacterial disease that can infect the body in two areas - the throat (respiratorydiphtheria) and the skin (skin or cutaneous diphtheria).


Encephalitis is an inflammation caused by a viral infection.

Escherichia coli 0157:H7

A particular strain of E. coli known as E. coli O157:H7 causes a severe intestinal infection in humans. It isthe most common strain to cause illness in people.

Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is a viral illness that results in a viral exanthem. Exanthem is another name for a rash orskin eruption.

Fungal Infections of the Skin

Skin fungi live in the dead, top layer of skin cells in moist areas of the body, such as between the toes,groin and under the breasts. These fungal infections cause only a small amount of irritation.


Giardiasis is an infectious diarrheal disease caused by the parasite Giardia lamblia, which can betransmitted through oral-fecal contact and by water contaminated by feces.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a highly contagious and sometimes serious liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A virus.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a blood-borne microorganism transmitted by exposure to the hepatitis B virus throughinfectious body fluids.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C (once called non-A, non-B hepatitis) is a liver disease caused by a recently identified blood-borne virus.


HIV/AIDS is a syndrome that kills cells of the immune system, impairing the body’s ability to fightinfection.

Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis, also known as mononucleosis, mono or glandular fever is characterised byswollen lymph glands and chronic fatigue.


Influenza or flu is a highly contagious viral respiratory tract infection.

Lyme Disease

While most tick bites are harmless, several species can cause life-threatening diseases. Two of thesewell-known diseases are Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Lyme disease.


Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that is transmitted person-to-person by the bite of an infectedAnopheles mosquito. These mosquitoes are present in the tropics and subtropics in almost all countries.


Measles is a viral illness characterized by a distinct rash and a fever.


Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges the membranes that surround the brain.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral disease of the skin that causes small, pink or skin-colored bumps onthe skin.


Infectious mononucleosis, also known as mononucleosis, mono or glandular fever, is characterized byswollen lymph glands and chronic fatigue.

Mouth Infections

Some people call it a cold sore, others a fever blister but this annoying and often painful chroniccondition is caused by the same virus, herpes simplex.


Mumps is an acute and highly contagious viral illness that usually occurs in childhood. Spread byairborne droplets from the upper respiratory tract, the disease usually takes two to three weeks toappear.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Caused by a certain type of bacteria, pelvic inflammatory disease results in pelvic pain and the possibilityof an ectopic pregnancy (a fertilized egg becoming implanted outside the uterus).

Pharyngitis / Tonsillitis

Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are infections in the throat that cause inflammation.

Poliomyelitis (Polio)

Poliomyelitis is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by three types of poliovirus.


Animal bites and scratches, even when they are minor can become infected and spread bacteria toother parts of the body

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) is an infection caused by the bite of an infected tick.


Roseola is a viral illness that results in a viral exanthem.

Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella, sometimes called German measles, is an acute viral infection that causes a mild illness inchildren and slightly more severe illness in adults.

Salmonella Infections

Salmonella infections are diarrheal infections caused by the bacteria Salmonella.


Septicemia is the clinical name for blood poisoning.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Severe acute respiratory syndrome is a rapidly spreading, potentially fatal infectious viral disease.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases transmitted through sexual contact.


Tetanus is an acute, sometimes fatal disease of the central nervous system, caused by the toxin of thetetanus bacterium, which usually enters the body through an open wound.

Tinea Infections (Ringworm)

Different fungi depending on their location on the body cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized byring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers.

Tinea Versicolor

Different fungi depending on their location on the body cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized byring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers.


Tonsillitis refers to the inflammation of a tonsil - the large, fleshy, oval masses of tissue that lie in thelateral wall of the oral pharynx on either side of the throat.

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is described as a cluster of symptoms that involve many systems of the body.

Traveler's Diarrhea

Traveler's diarrhea is a term used to describe the diarrhea caused by infection with bacteria, protozoa,or viruses ingested by consuming food or water that has been contaminated.


Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic bacterial infection that usually infects the lungs, although other organs aresometimes involved.

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